As per Economic Survey 2011-12, the health expenditure by General Government (Central and State Government combined) as percentage of the GDP is 1.30 (BE) in 2011-12. The expenditure by State Governments on health sector is important in raising the overall public expenditure on health sector. Presently, States and Union Territories together account for about two third of total health outlay.
The Eleventh Five Year Plan envisaged increasing total health expenditure at the Centre and the States to at least 2 per cent of GDP by the end of the Five Year Plan period.
During the 11th Plan (2007-08 to 2011-12), Central Plan allocation to health sector has been Rs. 99,491 crore as against actual expenditure of Rs. 36,079 crore during the 10th Five Year Plan. The Central Government has taken several steps to increase public health expenditure, which inter-alia, include:
- Launching of National Rural Health Mission with a view to provide accessible, affordable, accountable, effective and quality healthcare services, especially to the poor and vulnerable sections of the population.
- Implementation of programmes for control of communicable and non-communicable diseases.
- Mainstreaming of Indian Systems of Medicine and Homeopathy.
- Setting up of the Centres of excellence on the pattern of AIIMS, alongwith upgradation of government medical colleges through PMSSY
- Strengthening human resources in the health sector, with focus on Medical education, Para-medical education and Nursing and Pharmacy education.
The above information was given by the Union Minister for Health & Family Welfare, Ghulam Nabi Azad in the Rajya Sabha.